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Drive Safe for Cardiac Patients

 
Shobhit Kukreti
Carnegie Mellon University
Pittsburgh, United States
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Entry date: 08-Apr-2013
Final Submission: 01-Jul-2014
This project presents a novel usage of technology to minimize the risk of catastrophic event for the patient and other people while the patient is driving. The technology includes monitoring the heart rhythm of the patient, automatic control of the vehicle to stop it when the patient is not in a condition to control it and use visible light communication to inform other vehicles to prevent hitting the vehicle of the patient.
 

Project details

Ventricular Fibrillation is the most common cause of Cardiac Arrest and has been the cause of death for a major number of people in the World. Many patients suffering from Cardiovascular disease drive a car as the means of transport. The risks associated with driving are based upon the likelihood that heart anomaly events could impair consciousness and the patient's ability to control the vehicle. Driving, therefore, carries risk for the patient, other occupants of the vehicle, and persons outside of the vehicle. The extension of risk to others makes this issue a public health concern. This project presents a novel usage of technology to minimize the risk of catastrophic event for the patient and other people while the patient is driving. The technology includes monitoring the heart rhythm of the patient, automatic control of the vehicle to stop it when the patient is not in a condition to control it and use visible light communication to inform other vehicles to prevent hitting the vehicle of the patient. Usually Handheld defibrillators called Automated External Defibrillators are used to provide quick treatment to the patient. The important part in this project is to modify the seat belt in such a manner that it can carry the lead to the electrodoes of the ECG/defibrillator. The defibrillator can be controlled remotely by the emergency medical helpline which receives information of the patients heart rhythm and GPS location data. Whenever the anomally in the heart rythm is detected, the system takes over, and prevents collision. The system can slow down the car and use visible light communication to alert other cars/drivers. There is active research on vehicular networks which provide information to the car behind you by means of brake light leds. If the vehicle network is established in the future, it can be used to prevent collisions automatically. The GPS co-ordinate data is sent to the emergency medical helpline which can then direct the medical services to send an ambulance to the patient. If there is a necessity to remotely provide defibrillation, it can be done by a trained medical person after checking the heart anomaly data.

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Update #10013  |  17 Apr 2013
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A small video to demonstrate a wireless sensor node. A program written in C# receives the data from the wireless sensor.

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